3D with Kivy: Import & Export

Hello and welcome back to ‘3D with Kivy’. Last video was about lighting. This video is kind of
more comprehensive, because we’ll use more than one tool to make our objects. First, download
Blender. It’s free & open-source software and it costs
nothing. After a successful installation you should
see this as your default scene. A cube, a camera and
a simple light. Don’t remove them. This is what the cube looks like now. We’ll make a very simple texture for it and
import to our scene. To do that, first mark edges that will become
seams for UV layout. It’s very similar to cutting an object
made of paper and unfolding it at a table – the seams are the cuts, obviously. I’ll put down to the description a link for
a very good tutorial about UV mapping. We’ll need to use “Blender render” engine
for the texture, because for some reason Cycles engine doesn’t like
exporting to OBJ file. It doesn’t include the texture filename in
the material file which obviously means that the texture
won’t be loaded later outside of Blender. Choose the “Texture” tab, export the UV layout
to a file and edit it. I left the original layout
and just painted on the top of it, in a while you can see what does it mean after rendering. Now, when you have the image ready, select
the Type of texture to be “Image or Movie”, load the file and don’t forget to
change the mapping coordinates to UV coordinates. That should do it. After rendering you can see
the black lines on the edges and the cube has its original color
from Blender that’s because of the already mentioned painting
on the top of the exported UV layout, otherwise it’d be the same color
you’d use as a background. Let’s look at the exporting. On the left panel notice
the “Export OBJ” part. We need to uncheck
“Write Normals” and check “Triangulate Faces”. Don’t worry, the normals will be there, just not indexed. The path mode is basically the path to your
texture file. It should automatically find
the best one, for example if the file is next to your file, then it’ll use a relative path. Leave that at Auto
if you aren’t sure. You may want to save the configuration,
therefore just click on the plus button and save it. Don’t forget to export the file. You can leave Blender. Now we’ll try importing the OBJ
file to ourscene. Import OBJLoader,
that thing will by default look for a file with the same name as OBJ
that will become its material. If none is found, then the default
values are set. We’ll replace the main_cube. No fancy stuff, just fetch for whatever the loader returns. That also means you might not be able to
control some stuff, as it imports multiple meshes and wraps then into a single instance. Although we might not need the path to the
main.py folder, it’s still better be sure than sorry. When we run our file, notice the default state
of the cube. It’s quite large and the
light intensity is too strong. Scale the cube down by modifying
its scale property. I made a random model in Blender without any
texture, something.obj with a material file from Blender – something.mtl. Let’s try to change the material in Python
directly. For that we need to get to the
scene only the objects we want, not a group of objects from loader. Then we can change properties of the random
object’s material. Texture ratio is basically a value
to enable or disable texture. Our is equal to zero, because we want to disable
the default empty texture. and use our values. We need to remove the MTL file, so that it
doesn’t collide with our values. That’s because in
the MTL file one value, which is an exponent, equals to zero. I’ll fix that soon-ish and leave
a note in the video. What we do now is basically removing an old
material from Blender completely and writing a custom one with Python. Later it should just overwrite the values. Meshes are located in children property of
the object the loader returns. Since children property
is a list, we’ll extend our cubes list. Sooo…, that’s all for today. As always, the code is on my GitHub. Leave your suggestions
for future videos in the comments down below, subscribe if you like my videos,
leave a like if you enjoyed this one. Bye.

6 thoughts on “3D with Kivy: Import & Export

  1. Is there some possibility that you can import a OBJ and rotate (only rotate) without buttons? Only with the press click+move of your mouse. (like happens in our mobile screen)

  2. Hey thanks you for your Workshop. I have a question. Is it possible to display a text on a surface of a cube like a number that counts from 0 to 10?

  3. Thanks a lot for this tutorial. Is there a way to add text to the surface of an object – for example to create a flashcard that can be flipped over?

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