Importing Mexican Cattle – Full Episode



mrs. Kyle Bauer reporting from the border just west of El Paso Texas at the st. Teresa import-export station what you see in the background is the border patrol car you see the main gate between the Mexican side and the United States side you're seeing cattle that are crossing over from the Mexican side to the United States side through that gate all the cattle through this facility will pass whether they're being imported into Mexico or imported into the United States over the next few minutes we'll be explaining that process to you so you have a greater understanding of how it works this facility Santa Teresa international import-export livestock facility is a largest facility along the entire border Texas through California the six American states excuse me the four of American states are bordered by six northern Mexican states the ownership of this facility is from the Chihuahua cattle growers we're in agriculture co-op we have about seven to eight thousand members at any one time it's 52 local associations cattle growers associations that make or compose the the makeup of Dona nada and this station is the last marketing outreach for the categories the state of Chihuahua is known as the estado grande big State it borders New Mexico part of Arizona and Texas Chihuahua is basically a 200-mile buffer that protects the United States from any type of foreign animal diseases they guard their ability to trade cattle or move cattle into the United States jealously therefore they guard their animal health status very closely it's a very important relationship symbiotic relationship with the ranchers from the United States they import a lot of seed stock we are a Mexican owned a company we are an American entity an agricultural co-op we have our employees are all American or have work visa one of our employees does our receiver and do community outreach we sponsor programs both on the Mexican side and on the American side for schools and different groups that come for educational purposes or for any type of scientific research where I always open we've conducted many different programs in conjunction with the New Mexico livestock board to assist in animal identification tracking we have capacity for 10 12,000 head at this facility on an average year you have 3 320,000 coming north we last year we cross 380,000 head of cattle Daniel what is a normal day look like here a normal day depending on the season a time of year starts about seven seven o'clock actually the feeders are in here by 6:15 preparing the processors preparing the meal then we get a copy of the actual crossing from the Mexican side facts to us we send it over to customs customers knows approximately how many cattle are going to cross and they adjust their numbers of their staffing per the numbers we're going to cross and especially now during the winter seasons the lights gone by 5:30 but we have the ability and the capability to light this place up like a Christmas tree it's lit up like day we can work in the darkness and load up trucks how many people does it take to operate the facility we employ between 20 and 30 personnel 32 people depending on the seasons but the day an average day is from during the peak seasons is like from about 6:00 in the morning to about 3:00 in the morning when we're crossing about 40 40 400 head a day Raul taya's has exported cattle for many years through this facility and others where are we and how have you used this facility in the past we are right now we're standing at least on the American side at santa teresa import-export facilities on the Mexican side of course they're identical is this and over the course of the last 26 years through this port and other ports along the border I have crossed over 18,000 head of dairy cows horses limousine Bulls Hereford bulls Charlotte Bulls all all breeds of cattle ok the cattle that cross the actual border from the Mexican side to the American side the feeder steers they arrive one day prior approximately one day prior they're downloaded on the Mexican side you have your your clean and your not clean pens you clean our the cattle just from the state of Chihuahua which is on one side of the facility the other pens are the cattle from other states they have these two different pens or two different sides of the facility to minimize commingling of animals and that's for an animal health perspective we have a 20 foot high border fence that went up at the by the end of October of 2008 with that we have two gates we end when we need to cross cattle we get a schedule we contact customs there at our disposal that within 10 minutes we'll have an officer here that unlocks that gate the only thing that's allowed to cross here are cattle equine or horses equine or or cattle we've had special dispensation in the past between USDA and cigar pah the Mexican equivalent of USDA to cross bison or sheep but those are different requirements and different pens and it's a matter of basically what we usually cross here's cattle and horses no personnel it's not one of the 26 authorized personnel crossing ports once they read the paperwork for the different lots of cattle and a lot of cattle can be anywhere from 8 animals it can go up to 800 hours that's it's all ownership determined we have members that have a few had we have members that have 30,000 head when undoing the preliminary inspection by the port veterinarian he'll paintball cattle that for whatever reason he determined as a pure physically physically challenged or maybe physically challenges in the word but he seems to think that for some reason this animals displaying symptoms that it shouldn't will help paintball that animal and it makes for sorting it they're sorted those animals are removed completely from the crossing the lot that's going to go into the other inspection the chute inspection by animal health technicians the cattle that cross the entire control of what crosses is handled by USDA the poor veterinarian his animal health technicians they inspect the preliminary inspections of the cattle the paperwork if the correct paperwork is not involved or didn't reach the destination then they they won't allow it across here on the border we work very closely with USDA with Customs CBP and border Border Patrol which have Customs and Border Patrol are together under the title CBP we work on a day to day basis a USDA inspectors the port veterinarian work on the Mexican site they inspect all the animals coming that are going to be exported doctor how the port veterinarian will do preliminary cuts then each individual animal is scratched for ticks they check the paperwork for negative tuberculosis brucellosis tests the final step is the animals go into a dip and back once they come out of the bath they'll drift for 20 minutes at times they must be dried across the border at times during the winter it's difficult when you have really cold winds or you have snow or rain conditions but they're kept there they're kept dry and then they're crossed into the United States they want to make sure that the animals when they cross to the American side they are in the best of health and birdy horn and whatever needs to be done the heifers are spayed correctly everything on these cattle coming across from Mexico you got to understand those cattle right there'll have probably 8 to 10 pieces of paper each piece of paper indicates their health the origin the TB tag numbers the the invoices I mean every steers got to have one and if they if those steers have two brands you have to have two pieces of paper from that so usually it mostly they guys get around saying they send a load of cattle in this load of paperwork who decides how the cattle are fed any animals that are here are fed on the ration that is asked for by the owner depending on the weight of the cattle they saved in that pen they have 48,000 pounds of catalyst they give me 10% and processors we put on the scale and feed them what they ask for we have two scales that we've done the cattle cross through the pay scales pay wait last year we cross 220 million dollars worth of Commerce these scales calibrated every month by Sherman piece the cost is seven hundred and fourteen dollars to ensure that these scales are calibrated zero we cross on foot here on hoof that being said on the animals cross on hoof there's minimal shrinkage minimal none to minimum although there's an average of three percent deducted taken automatically from the American buyer to the Mexican producer because the animals they're fed they're watered prior I mean they prior to crossing so they've gained an extra 60 80 pounds prior to come across so there's an automatic three percent deduction they're the same facility exist on the Mexican side however it's about a third as large as actual pens ah.the their way there when they come in they're white when they left or when they leave however the pay scale are the scales on the American side the scales that I maintain and that's why it's very important to ensure that they are calibrated monthly they're calibrated to to ensure that we give good service in Chihuahua they've been tracing having traceability of animals for hundreds of years and the first cattle came into United States were heard at believers in 1598 from a ranch down in southern Mexico and Parral Ron say vias and 7,000 head were brought across to present-day Santa Fe New Mexico and that's when the first the hot iron brand was first introduced into the United States a steer a Mexican sterile heifer will come across with four different brands the main brand is the in brand the Mexican brand that's the most important one and if it's a spade heifer it'll be an MX brand and that's the two only brands that are required to for a Mexican steer that come across in addition to the hot iron brand it also has a ear tags that tell you the point of origin and the export tag the blue tag and also the green tag every steer that comes across or heifer has to be inspected by the New Mexico brand board being that we are in New Mexico the tracking system in Chihuahua is second to none the IDS the tracking is usually traced to a border and they can tell you within seconds minutes on their computer system where the animal came from point of origin heard of origin however we have a lot of Cal traders here in the United States at once a lot travels from point A to point B crosses border and goes to whatever grow yard they take out these tags that stop a lot or hinder a lot of the traceability of animals and traceability is really good for animal health reasons the traceability program does cost some money who bears those costs the traceability is supported by the ranchers of Chihuahua one of the differences between Mexico or I'll speak for Chihuahua and the ranchers here in the United States is in Mexico they're all for it it's an animal health issue they won export they'd be able to track the animals they have no problems a new net but the huge difference is they support the costs involved they're not waiting for a federal or state agency to stamp step in and a system with costs they do it on their own we've heard about the electronic tag system can you expand on that the actual electronic tag cigar has been working with USDA to incorporate everything into one tag so you don't need three four tags on the animal the end the animal will come across with that one tag that tag will go with the animal to the duration of its life they're involved in negotiating a pilot program between cigar 'pa the equivalent to USDA and the USDA how does the buying selling and sorting work we buy them on the Mexican side at the ranch and their job is to bring them deliver them to the US on the US side with all the health papers and all the brand papers and all it entails to get them America Mexican cattle onto US soil once the cattle comes into the United States we put them through a sorting chute and what we do there is it will sort them for size and for class when the sorting is done it's done approximately we have five ways five different pens to sort it for pens in the past the pass goes straight to the scale the owner or the owners agent of the cattle will sort it my folks are there to cut at the cuttin gates per what the sorter says they come across as one two three four and pass and this is based on their weight and we take delivery on the US side with us weights on u.s. scales and we sort them a pin them and make loads for different customers that we have in the United States sometimes you'll have multiple buyers or different orders and this buyer will sell to another and another and before the animals leave the facility leave the front gates of the facility they'll have three or four owners in the state of New Mexico the Mexican livestock board collects for the beef checkoff on bets will settle is the deputy contract here from the livestock board every time there's a change of ownership there's a fee incurred a dollar goes to the New Mexico or the Beef Council Mexico Beef Council that being said we generate lots of money for the beef checkoff they collect the dollar ahead tick off for every steer that comes through here the Mexican a cattle rancher is the one that pays for that for that beef checkoff actually the beef checkoff Mexicans just see it as another cost to doing business give us an example of the typical cost for the Mexican ranchers to get cattle here it usually costs between 42 and 48 dollars per head for the Mexican rancher to bring his cattle we're talking Freight we're talking tags we're talking all the governmental costs incurred on the Mexican side prior to getting to the border it's a pretty costly situation firm but I don't think American ranchers understand all the detail and costs involving the cattle getting to the border on the Mexican side the negative TV test the debruce alone egative brucellosis test I mean there's a lot of requirements on the Mexican side that the American ranchers do not face there's a lot of activity with imports and exports some might wonder why there's so much interest in activity here the answer is very economically oriented because when the Mexican puts together say a hundred head and the price is a dollar fifty a pound and these animals are weighing 500 pounds you're looking at seven hundred and fifty dollars per animal does Mexico have a feedlot industry there's not large feedlot operations and Industry in Chihuahua although that's changing in recent years there's been a movement to encourage a feedlot operation in an IND Street to retain the the steers and heifers and put them in the grow yard in the state itself and not so much cross into the United States as long as the price holds I believe we will have a lot of exportation or exportation from Mexico importation into the United States of steers and heifers this is Kyle Bauer finishing my report from the Mexican American border just west of El Paso Texas at the st. Teresa import-export station I hope you have a greater understanding of what it takes to import and export livestock into the United States from Mexico and I hope you have a greater appreciation for the commitment that the Chihuahuan ranchers have to the American beef industry you

27 thoughts on “Importing Mexican Cattle – Full Episode

  1. Please go vegan.
    may all beings and creatures be free from enmity and danger,
    may all beings and creatures be free from mental suffering,
    may all beings and creatures be free from physical suffering,
    may all beings and creatures be free from suffering,
    may all beings and creatures protect themselves,
    may all beings and creatures be able to take care of themselves peacefully.
    source: https://www.wildmind.org/mantras/figures/sabbesatta

  2. Hi, I would like to show you the Vortex water unit– www.powergrowater.com thanks for having a look at what have. Nigel Abraham

  3. It would have been cool to see part of the actual auction to see what they actually sell for. A 700 lb steer isn't going to go for $1.50 lb here in the US, you'll get that on a for a 450-500 lb steer. A 700-750 lb steer will bring in 1.05 – 1.15 per lb at the sale barn and that's if he's good quality

  4. that why are good us cattle are so cheap if we don't get better money are cattle are famly farmers going to be out of work as ky cattle I wont the usa eating us cattle usa farmer need the money usa beef is the best

  5. Second Time Around Watching This Bull Shit Propaganda,,, Now It All Sounds Like,,, Total Bull Shit To Me,,, Mexican Bull Shit ,,,,

  6. We should have feedlots & butcher shops in mexico and consum & export meat not cattle.
    Mexico exports oil and import gasoline, stupid & corrupt, mexican goverment.

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  8. Como siempre…exportando lo mejor y dejando lo mas jodido para el mercado interno y para colmo vendiendolo igual o mas caro q lo exportado

  9. The US beef suffers from undue prejudice in Japan. I don't think it is the question of tariffs.

    Consumers in Japan often pay willingly for the tariffs and for other premiums once they fall in love with particular products.

    Single incidence does not represent the entire industry. I respect the entrepreneurial spirits of the US and I find the current situation sad and frustrating.

    One word of advice from a mere uneducated Japanese of humble means – more grass-fed beef will be made welcome in Japan. Those educated, upper middle class families are going for the grass-fed.

  10. germx53,

    Union Ganadera Regional de Chihuahua INC
    100 Frontera Blvd, Santa Teresa, NM 88008
    (575) 589-1620

    Good luck!

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